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Multimodal Biometric System Using Finger Knuckle and Nail: A Neural Network Approach

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The proposed approach to combine Finger-knuckle and finger-nail features using feature level fusion and feed forward back-propagation Neural Network for classification reaches up to 97% with respective training of 90% of total dataset. Dorsum of the hand can be very useful in Personal identification but yet it has not that much extensive attention. Single scan of dorsum hand can give two biometric traits finger-knuckle and finger nail. This paper presents an approach to combine Finger-knuckle and finger-nail features. Finger nail biometric is considered as quite unique biometric trait hence we combine this trait with finger knuckle. We also developed an algorithm to extract ROI from Finger-knuckle and finger-nail. Finger- knuckle features are extracted using Mel Frequency Cepstral Coefficient (MFCC) technique and the features of finger-nail are extracted from second level wavelet decomposition. We combined these features using feature level fusion and feed forward back-propagation Neural Network for classification. The performance of the system has been tested on our own KVKR- knuckle database that includes 100 subject's dorsal hands. Evaluation results shows that increase in training set gives increased performance rate. The best performance of the proposed system reaches up to 97% with respective training of 90% of total dataset. 

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